What are Venture Capital Companies?

One of the main challenges to the economic growth of small and medium-sized businesses and junior mining exploration is access to equity finance. To assist these sectors in terms of equity finance, government has implemented a tax incentive for investors in these enterprises through a venture capital company (VCC) regime.

VCCs are intended to be a marketing vehicle that will attract retail investors. An investor is any taxpayer who qualifies to invest in an approved Venture Capital Company. They have the benefit of bringing together small investors as well as concentrating investment expertise in favour of the small business sector. There are no special tax benefits for VCC, only standard tax rules will apply.

Who are they for?

From 1 January 2009, investors can claim amounts incurred on acquiring VCC shares as a deduction from income.  This deduction will not be subject to recoupment if the VCC shares are held for longer than five years.

A company must meet all of the following preliminary requirements to be able to get an approved VCC status for each year of assessment:

  • The company must be a resident;
  • The sole object of the company must be the management of investments in qualifying companies (i.e. investees);
  • The company’s tax affairs must be in order;
  • The company must be licensed in terms of section 7 of the Financial Advisory and Intermediary Services Act, 2002.

Please note: Persons who intend to or do make investments into a SARS approved Venture Capital Company, may under no circumstances request a tax directive for purposes of section 12J under paragraph 11 of the Fourth Schedule to the Income Tax Act, in order to reduce his or her tax liability; or accept any advice from persons who indicate that such tax directives may be issued.

The VCC regime is subject to a 12 year sunset clause that ends on 30 June 2021.

How do I apply?

Email a completed application form together with supporting documents proving that the preliminary requirements have been met to (Venture Capital Companies Office) or send by post to:

SARS Large Business Centre
Specialist Support: Domestic Taxes (Direct Tax) Venture Capital Companies
Private Bag X170

Assistance with the application can be requested by addressing an email to

Click here to download the application form. You will be contacted once your application has been processed. SARS will assess the application to determine if the company meets the preliminary requirements and if the application is successful, a Venture Capital Company reference number will be given and an approval letter will be sent to the applicant. If the application is not successful, a rejection letter will be sent to the applicant stating the reason(s) for the rejection.
For a list of the approved VCC’s with contact details, click here.

SARS can withdraw the approved VCC status for non-compliance with the following:
  • If, during any year of assessment, after the approval of the Venture Capital Company status, the company fails to comply with the preliminary  requirements as listed above;
  • The company must satisfy the following additional requirements at the end of each year after the expiry of 36 months from the first date of the issue of VCC shares by the VCC;
  • A minimum of 80% of the expenditure incurred by the VCC to acquire assets must be for qualifying shares, and each investee company must, immediately after the issuing of the qualifying shares, hold assets with a book value not exceeding:
    • R500 million in any junior mining company; or
    • R50 million in any other qualifying company
  • The expenditure incurred by the VCC to acquire qualifying shares in any one qualifying company must not exceed 20% of any amounts received by the VCC in respect of the issue of VCC shares.

SARS will issue a written notification to the VCC stating the requirements that have not been met and provide a grace period for the VCC to meet the requirements. If the approved VCC does not take the acceptable corrective steps within the period provided for in written notice, the approved VCC status will be withdrawn from -

  • the commencement of that year of assessment, or
  • the date of approval of the Venture Capital Company status where the VCC does not meet the additional requirements after the expiry of 36 months from the date of first issue of VCC shares.

If the approval is withdrawn the VCC must include in its income an amount equivalent to 125 percent of the expenditure incurred by investors to acquire VCC shares.


If you have any enquiries regarding Venture Capital Companies, you can email us on
Last Updated: 11/04/2017 11:19 AM     print this page
SARS eFiling eFiling Login eFiling Register Now eFiling Forgot Password eFiling Forgot Username E@syFile

 Top FAQs

What is a Venture Capital Company?
It is company that has satisfied the stipulated requirements and has been approved by SARS.

What is the purpose of the Venture Capital Company incentive?
To assist small and medium-sized businesses and junior mining companies in terms of equity finance. The incentive aims to encourage Investors to invest in approved Venture Capital Companies (VCCs),

How can a company apply for a Venture Capital Company status?
An application (VCC001) form is available on the SARS website ( The form must be completed and submitted to the SARS

How and where must the application form be submitted to?
The signed application form and relevant material can be submitted via the following methods:Email to Post to SARS Large Business Centre

What happens after the application form has been submitted?
SARS will assess the application form to determine if the company meets the requirements.If the application is successful, a Venture Capital Company reference